Physical activity guidelines for 0-5 year olds
The first five years of life represent an opportune window to lay the foundations for future good health and well-being.
Did you know…
"Physical activity is critical at this time to optimal growth and development. During this time babies and young children undergo rapid and wide ranging physical and psychological developments which lay the foundation for their future health and well being. "
UK Physical Activity Guidelines for Early Years (Walkers)
The Chief Medical Officer's Report - Start Active, Stay Active (Department of Health, 2011) includes guidelines for Early Years. The introduction of UK early years physical activity guidelines reflect a growing awareness of their importance and follows the lead of other major international countries. These guidelines are relevant to all children under the age of five and are aimed at the following groups:
For under fives – not yet walking
Physical activity should be encouraged from birth,particularly through floor-based play and water-based activities in safe environments
For under fives who are walking
Children of pre-school age who are capable of walking unaided should be physically active daily for at least 180 minutes (3 hours), spread throughout the day
All under fives should minimise the amount of time spent being sedentary (being restrained or sitting) for extended periods (except time spent sleeping)
Lots of different activities count towards children's daily physical activity. "It will normally include activity that involves moving the trunk and more exertion than the minimal movement required to carry out simple everyday tasks such as washing, bathing and dressing, or activities such as playing board games or passive play (for example, craft activities, drawing, dressing up or playing at a sand table)" , Start Active, Stay Active.
Anything where a child is moving around can count – just remember to keep it fun.
Top Tip – they don't have to do their 180 minutes all in one go! It can be broken down into smaller bouts of activity, building it up throughout the day.
From playing on the floor or splashing in the bath it is important that babies are active from day 1. They need to be able to move around freely and safely, practising important movements such as reaching, grasping for toys, pulling and pushing, turning their heads and playing with people and toys. Time should be limited where they are sedentary for long periods of time, i.e. in a pushchair, highchair.
Under 5s that are walking can do lots of fun play to help towards achieving their 180 minutes per day. Playing with balls, doing some gardening, collecting objects such as pebbles and twigs, doing action nursery rhymes, dressing up or blowing bubbles are just a few ideas to keep children moving.
Top tip – keep giving lots of praise to boost their confidence and most importantly be active with the children in your care.
Together with the launch of the UK Early Years Physical Activity Guidelines, the new Early Years Foundation Stage Physical Development Prime area is the main driver that highlights the importance of purposeful physical play that underpins Physical Development.
NICE Guidance (2013) recommends that, "Families should be encouraged to eat healthily and be physically active by taking up activities that children enjoy such as active play and dancing, as well as reducing the amount of time spent playing computer games and watching television."
Did you know…
Obesity rates are on the rise across England with around 3 in 10 children aged 2 to 15 now classified as either being overweight or obese.
In some parts of the country, the NHS has performed weight-loss surgery on obese children as young as 14.
The UK now has the highest rate of child obesity in Western Europe which is estimated to be costing the NHS about £4.2 billion a year.
NICE Guidance (2013) PH47 Managing overweight andobesity among children and young people
The Chief Medical Officers guidelines and what they mean for early years practitioners
Active Matters - dedicated to physical activity for young children
National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine - useful information from Loughborough University
Early Movers practitioner training
Start active, stay active: infographics on physical activity